Different Types of Engineering

Looking at the huge field of engineering can be daunting- trust us, we get it! From the seemingly unlimited number of paths that you can take, to the different types and niches, to the education required, we’re here to break some of that down for you. Check out some of the most common types of engineering and what they’re all about:

Aerospace Engineering: Aerospace engineers focus on the design and development of aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems. They deal with aerodynamics, propulsion systems, structural design, and navigation in the context of aviation and space exploration.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelor’s


Biomedical Engineering: Biomedical engineers merge principles of engineering, biology, and medicine to develop solutions in healthcare. They work on designing medical equipment, prosthetics, imaging systems, and develop innovative technologies for diagnostics and treatment.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelors + 2+ years for a Master’s (optional)


Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineers apply principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to design and optimize chemical processes. They work in industries such as pharmaceuticals, energy, food processing, and materials manufacturing.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelor’s + internship


Computer Engineering: Computer engineers combine electrical engineering and computer science to design and develop computer hardware and software systems. They work on computer architecture, embedded systems, digital signal processing, and network infrastructure.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelor’s


Electrical Engineering: Electrical engineers deal with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. They design and develop electrical systems, including power generation, transmission, and utilization, as well as electronic devices and control systems.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelor’s + internship


Environmental Engineering: Environmental engineers tackle environmental issues and design solutions for sustainable development. They work on areas like waste management, water and air pollution control, renewable energy systems, and environmental impact assessment.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelor’s + internship


Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical engineers work with the design, analysis, and manufacturing of mechanical systems. They develop solutions for the generation of power, transportation, robotics, machinery, and various consumer products.

Years of school: 4-5 years for a Bachelor’s + optional license


Software Engineering: Software engineers design, develop, and maintain software applications and systems. They apply engineering principles and programming skills to create reliable, scalable, and efficient software solutions.

Years of school: 4 years for a Bachelors + optional internship and Master’s


Always remember that the amount of time it takes to earn a degree is different for everyone, and different schools have different program requirements. If you choose to go to school part-time and work, it will take longer, but you’ll have more job experience once you graduate. If you take summer courses and graduate high school with some college credits already under your belt (like if you take dual credit or AP), you can graduate sooner. There is no right or wrong amount of time to take!